Was Jesus the fulfillment of the Old Covenant?

A clear and unquestionable - Yes!

Messianic Prophecy

Jesus said to them: "These are the words which I spoke to you, while I was yet with you, that all things must needs be fulfilled, which are written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms *** , concerning me." Luke 24:44

bulletBorn of a virgin

Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign. Behold a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son and his name shall be called Emmanuel.

Matthew 1:18 Now the generation of Christ was in this wise. When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child, of the Holy Ghost.
1:19 Whereupon Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing publicly to expose her, was minded to put her away privately.
1:20 But while he thought on these things, behold the angel of the Lord appeared to him in his sleep, saying: Joseph, son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife, for that which is conceived in her, is of the Holy Ghost.
1:21 And she shall bring forth a son: and thou shalt call his name JESUS. For he shall save his people from their sins.
1:22 Now all this was done that it might be fulfilled which the Lord spoke by the prophet, saying:
1:23 Behold a virgin shall be with child, and bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.
1:24 And Joseph rising up from sleep, did as the angel of the Lord had commanded him, and took unto him his wife.
1:25 And he knew her not till she brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS.
 

bulletA descendant of Abraham

Genesis 12:1 And the Lord said to Abram: Go forth out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and out of thy father's house, and come into the land which I shall shew thee.
12:2 And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and magnify thy name, and thou shalt be blessed.
12:3 I will bless them that bless thee, and curse them that curse thee, and IN THEE shall all the kindreds of the earth be blessed.

Genesis 22:18 And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, because thou hast obeyed my voice.

Matthew 1:1 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham:

Galatians 3:16 To Abraham were the promises made and to his seed. He saith not, And to his seeds, as of many: but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.
 

bulletOf the tribe of Judah

Genesis 49:10 The sceptre shall not be taken away from Juda, nor a ruler from his thigh, till he come that is to be sent, and he shall be the expectation of nations.

Luke 3:23 And Jesus himself was beginning about the age of thirty years; being (as it was supposed) the son of Joseph, who was of Heli, who was of Mathat,
3:24 Who was of Levi, who was of Melchi, who was of Janne, who was of Joseph,
3:25 Who was of Mathathias, who was of Amos, who was of Nahum, who was of Hesli, who was of Nagge,
3:26 Who was of Mahath, who was of Mathathias, who was of Semei, who was of Joseph, who was of Juda,
3:27 Who was of Joanna, who was of Reza, who was of Zorobabel, who was of Salathiel, who was of Neri,
3:28 Who was of Melchi, who was of Addi, who was of Cosan, who was of Helmadan, who was of Her,
3:29 Who was of Jesus, who was of Eliezer, who was of Jorim, who was of Mathat, who was of Levi,
3:30 Who was of Simeon, who was of Judas, who was of Joseph, who was of Jona, who was of Eliakim,
3:31 Who was of Melea, who was of Menna, who was of Mathatha, who was of Nathan, who was of David,
3:32 Who was of Jesse, who was of Obed, who was of Booz, who was of Salmon, who was of Naasson,
3:33 Who was of Aminadab, who was of Aram, who was of Esron, who was of Phares, who was of Judas,

Hebrews 7:14 For it is evident that our Lord sprung out of Juda: in which tribe Moses spoke nothing concerning priests.
 

bulletOf the house of David

2nd Kings 7:12 And when thy days shall be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will raise up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of the bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.
7:13 He shall build a house to my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom fore ever.
7:14 I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son: and if he commit any iniquity, I will correct him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men.
7:15 But my mercy I will not take away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I removed from before my face.
7:16 And thy house shall be faithful, and thy kingdom for ever before thy face, and thy throne shall be firm for ever.

Matthew 1:1 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham:
 

bulletWill come at a specific time

Daniel 9:25 Know thou, therefore, and take notice: that from the going forth of the word, to build up Jerusalem again, unto Christ, the prince, there shall be seven weeks, and sixty-two weeks: and the street shall be built again, and the walls, in straitness of times.
9:26 And after sixty-two weeks Christ shall be slain: and the people that shall deny him shall not be his. And a people, with their leader, that shall come, shall destroy the city, and the sanctuary: and the end thereof shall be waste, and after the end of the war the appointed desolation.

Galatians 4:4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent his Son, made of a woman, made under the law:

Ephesians 1:10 In the dispensation of the fulness of times, to re-establish all things in Christ, that are in heaven and on earth, in him.
 

bulletBorn in Bethlehem

Micheas 5:2 And thou Bethlehem Ephrata, art a little one among the thousands of Juda, out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be the ruler in Israel: and his going forth is from the beginning, from the days of eternity.

Matthew 2:1 When Jesus therefore was born in Bethlehem of Juda, in the days of king Herod, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem.

Luke 2:4 And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem: because he was of the house and family of David,
2:5 To be enrolled with Mary his espoused wife, who was with child.
2:6 And it came to pass, that when they were there, her days were accomplished, that she should be delivered.
2:7 And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him up in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.
 

bulletTaken to Egypt

Osee 11:1 As the morning passeth, so hath the king of Israel passed away. Because Israel was a child, and I loved him: and I called my son out of Egypt.

Matthew 2:14 Who arose, and took the child and his mother by night, and retired into Egypt: and he was there until the death of Herod:
2:15 That it might be fulfilled which the Lord spoke by the prophet, saying: Out of Egypt have I called my son.
 

bulletHerod's killing of the infants

Jeremias 31:15 Thus saith the Lord: A voice was heard on high of lamentation, of mourning, and weeping, of Rachel weeping for her children and refusing to be comforted for them, because they are not.

Matthew 2:16 Then Herod perceiving that he was deluded by the wise men, was exceeding angry; and sending killed all the men children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the borders thereof, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently inquired of the wise men.
2:17 Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremias the prophet, saying:
2:18 A voice in Rama was heard, lamentation and great mourning; Rachel bewailing her children, and would not be comforted, because they are not.
 

bulletAnointed by the Holy Spirit

Isaias 11:2 And the spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him: the spirit of wisdom, and of understanding, the spirit of counsel, and of fortitude, the spirit of knowledge, and of godliness.

Matthew 3:16 And Jesus being baptized, forthwith came out of the water: and lo, the heavens were opened to him: and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon him.
3:17 And behold a voice from heaven, saying: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
 

bulletWould perform miracles

Isaias 35:5 Then shall the eyes of the blind be opened, and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped.
35:6 Then shall the lame man leap as a hart, and the tongue of the dumb shall be free: for waters are broken out in the desert, and streams in the wilderness.

Matthew 9:35 And Jesus went about all the cities, and towns, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every disease, and every infirmity.
 

bulletWould preach good news

Isaias 61:1 The spirit of the Lord is upon me, because the Lord hath anointed me: he hath sent me to preach to the meek, to heal the contrite of heart, and to preach a release to the captives, and deliverance to them that are shut up.

Luke 4:14 And Jesus returned in the power of the spirit, into Galilee, and the fame of him went out through the whole country.
4:15 And he taught in their synagogues, and was magnified by all.
4:16 And he came to Nazareth, where he was brought up: and he went into the synagogue, according to his custom, on the sabbath day; and he rose up to read.
4:17 And the book of Isaias the prophet was delivered unto him. And as he unfolded the book, he found the place where it was written:
4:18 The Spirit of the Lord is upon me. Wherefore he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor, he hath sent me to heal the contrite of heart,
4:19 To preach deliverance to the captives, and sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, to preach the acceptable year of the Lord, and the day of reward.
4:20 And when he had folded the book, he restored it to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on him.
4:21 And he began to say to them: This day is fulfilled this scripture in your ears.
 

bulletWould enter Jerusalem as a king on a donkey

Zacharias 9:9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Sion, shout for joy, O daughter of Jerusalem: BEHOLD THY KING will come to thee, the just and saviour: he is poor, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt, the foal of an ass.

Matthew 21:4 Now all this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying:
21:5 Tell ye the daughter of Sion: Behold thy king cometh to thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of her that is used to the yoke.
21:6 And the disciples going, did as Jesus commanded them.
21:7 And they brought the ass and the colt, and laid their garments upon them, and made him sit thereon.
21:8 And a very great multitude spread their garments in the way: and others cut boughs from the trees, and strewed them in the way:
21:9 And the multitudes that went before and that followed, cried, saying: Hosanna to the son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord: Hosanna in the highest.
 

bulletWould be rejected by Jews

Psalm 117:22 The stone which the builders rejected; the same is become the head of the corner.

1st Peter 2:7 To you therefore that believe, he is honour: but to them that believe not, the stone which the builders rejected, the same is made the head of the corner:
 

bulletWould die a humiliating death involving:
   - rejection

Isaiah 53:3 Despised, and the most abject of men, a man of sorrows, and acquainted with infirmity: and his look was as it were hidden and despised, whereupon we esteemed him not.

John 1:10 He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not.
1:11 He came unto his own, and his own received him not.

John 7:5 For neither did his brethren believe in him.

John 7:48 Hath any one of the rulers believed in him, or of the Pharisees?

   - betrayal

Psalm 40:10 For even the man of peace, in whom I trusted, who ate my bread, hath greatly supplanted me.

Luke 22:3 And Satan entered into Judas, who was surnamed Iscariot, one of the twelve.
22:4 And he went, and discoursed with the chief priests and the magistrates, how he might betray him to them.

John 13:18 I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen. But that the scripture may be fulfilled: He that eateth bread with me, shall lift up his heel against me.

   - sold for 30 pieces of silver

Zacharias 11:12 And I said to them: If it be good in your eyes, bring hither my wages: and if not, be quiet. And they weighed for my wages thirty pieces of silver.

Matthew 26:14 Then went one of the twelve, who was called Judas Iscariot, to the chief priests,
26:15 And said to them: What will you give me, and I will deliver him unto you? But they appointed him thirty pieces of silver.

   - silence before His accusers

Isaiah 53:7 He was offered because it was his own will, and he opened not his mouth: he shall be led as a sheep to the slaughter, and shall be dumb as a lamb before his shearer, and he shall not open his mouth.

Matthew 27:12 And when he was accused by the chief priests and ancients, he answered nothing.
27:13 Then Pilate saith to him: Dost not thou hear how great testimonies they allege against thee?
27:14 And he answered him to never a word; so that the governor wondered exceedingly.

   - mocked

Psalm 21:7 But I am a worm, and no man: the reproach of men, and the outcast of the people.
21:8 All they that saw me have laughed me to scorn: they have spoken with the lips, and wagged the head.

Matthew 27:31 And after they had mocked him, they took off the cloak from him, and put on him his own garments, and led him away to crucify him.

   - beaten

Isaiah 53:5 But he was wounded for our iniquities, he was bruised for our sins: the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and by his bruises we are healed.

Matthew 27:26 Then he released to them Barabbas, and having scourged Jesus, delivered him unto them to be crucified.

   - spit upon

Isaiah 50:6 I have given my body to the strikers, and my cheeks to them that plucked them: I have not turned away my face from them that rebuked me, and spit upon me.

Matthew 27:30 And spitting upon him, they took the reed, and struck his head.

   - piercing His hands and feet

Psalm 21:17 For many dogs have encompassed me: the council of the malignant hath besieged me. They have dug my hands and feet.

Matthew 27:31 And after they had mocked him, they took off the cloak from him, and put on him his own garments, and led him away to crucify him.

   - being crucified with thieves

Isaias 53:12 Therefore will I distribute to him very many, and he shall divide the spoils of the strong, because he hath delivered his soul unto death, and was reputed with the wicked: and he hath borne the sins of many, and hath prayed for the transgressors.

Matthew 27:38 Then were crucified with him two thieves: one on the right hand, and one on the left.

   - praying for His persecutors

Isaiah 53:12 Therefore will I distribute to him very many, and he shall divide the spoils of the strong, because he hath delivered his soul unto death, and was reputed with the wicked: and he hath borne the sins of many, and hath prayed for the transgressors.

Luke 23:34 And Jesus said: Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do. But they, dividing his garments, cast lots.

   - piercing His side

Zacharias 12:10 And I will pour out upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace, and of prayers: and they shall look upon me, whom they have pierced: and they shall mourn for him as one mourneth for an only son, and they shall grieve over him, as the manner is to grieve for the death of the firstborn.

John 19:34 But one of the soldiers with a spear opened his side, and immediately there came out blood and water.

   - given gall and vinegar to drink

Psalm 68:22 And they gave me gall for my food, and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

Luke 23:36 And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar,

Matthew 27:34 And they gave him wine to drink mingled with gall. And when he had tasted, he would not drink.

   - no broken bones

Psalm 33:21 The Lord keepeth all their bones, not one of them shall be broken.

John 19:32 The soldiers therefore came; and they broke the legs of the first, and of the other that was crucified with him.
19:33 But after they were come to Jesus, when they saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.
19:34 But one of the soldiers with a spear opened his side, and immediately there came out blood and water.
19:35 And he that saw it, hath given testimony, and his testimony is true. And he knoweth that he saith true; that you also may believe.
19:36 For these things were done, that the scripture might be fulfilled: You shall not break a bone of him.

   - buried in a rich man's tomb

Isaiah 53:9 And he shall give the ungodly for his burial, and the rich for his death: because he hath done no iniquity, neither was there deceit in his mouth.

Matthew 27:57 And when it was evening, there came a certain rich man of Arimathea, named Joseph, who also himself was a disciple of Jesus.
27:58 He went to Pilate, and asked the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded that the body should be delivered.
27:59 And Joseph taking the body, wrapped it up in a clean linen cloth.
27:60 And laid it in his own new monument, which he had hewed out in a rock. And he rolled a great stone to the door of the monument, and went his way.

   - casting lots for His garments

Psalm 21:19 They parted my garments amongst them; and upon my vesture they cast lots.

John 19:23 The soldiers therefore, when they had crucified him, took his garments, (and they made four parts, to every soldier a part,) and also his coat. Now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout.
19:24 They said then one to another: Let us not cut it, but let us cast lots for it, whose it shall be; that the scripture might be fulfilled, saying: They have parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture they have cast lot. And the soldiers indeed did these things.
 

bulletWould rise from the dead

Psalm 15:10 Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; nor wilt then give thy holy one to see corruption.

Mark 16:6 Who saith to them: Be not affrighted; you seek Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified: he is risen, he is not here, behold the place where they laid him.

Acts 2:31 Foreseeing this, he spoke of the resurrection of Christ. For neither was he left in hell, neither did his flesh see corruption.
 

bulletAscend into Heaven

Psalm 67:19 Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive; thou hast received gifts in men. Yea for those also that do not believe, the dwelling of the Lord God.

Acts 1:9 And when he had said these things, while they looked on, he was raised up: and a cloud received him out of their sight.
 

bulletWould sit down at the right hand of God

Psalm 109:1 The Lord said to my Lord: Sit thou at my right hand: Until I make thy enemies thy footstool.

Hebrews 1:3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the figure of his substance, and upholding all things by the word of his power, making purgation of sins, sitteth on the right hand of the majesty on high.
 

 

*** A note regarding Psalm numbering differences in various Bible translations