CATHOLIC BELIEFS

  1. To gain the happiness of heaven we must know, love, and serve God in this world. Man must know, love and serve God in a supernatural manner in order to gain happiness of heaven. Man is raised to the supernatural order only by grace, a free gift of God.
     
  2. We learn to know, love, and serve God from Jesus Christ, the Son of God, who teaches us through the Catholic Church.
     
  3. In order to be saved, all persons who have attained the use of reason must believe explicitly that God exist and that he rewards the good and punishes the wicked; in practice they must also believe in the mysteries of the Blessed Trinity and the Incarnation.
     
  4. By the Blessed Trinity we mean one and the same God in three divine persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.
     
  5. By the Incarnation is meant that the Son of God, retaining His divine nature, took to Himself a human nature, that is, a body and soul like ours.
     
  6. The Church is the congregation of all baptized persons united in the same true faith, the same sacrifice, and the same sacraments, under the authority of the Sovereign Pontiff and the bishops in communion with him.
     
  7. We find the chief truths taught by Jesus Christ through the Catholic Church in the Apostles' Creed.

THE COMMANDMENTS

 Besides believing what God has revealed, we must keep His law.

THE TWO GREAT COMMANDMENTS

These are the Two Great Commandments that contain the whole law of God

                                   

  I.   You shall love the Lord your God with your whole heart, and with  your whole soul, and with your whole mind, and with your whole strength

  II. You shall love your neighbor as Yourself.

 

To love God, our neighbor, and ourselves, we must keep the commandments of God and of the Church, and perform the spiritual and corporal works of mercy. Note: Reference Mark 12:30-.31
 


THE TEN COMMANDMENTS OF GOD

1. I am the Lord your God; you shall not have strange gods before me.

Commands: faith, hope, love and worship of God, reverence for holy things, prayer.

Forbids: idolatry, superstition; spiritualism, seances, astrology, fortune telling, Ouija boards and all occult practice; tempting God, sacrilege, attendance at false worship and overindulgence in worldly goods, money and amusements.

2. Thou shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain.

Commands: reverence in speaking about God and holy things; the keeping of oaths and vows.

Forbids: blasphemy, the irreverent use of God's name (i.e. Jesus, Jesus Christ's name), speaking disrespectfully of holy things, false, oaths, and the breaking vows.

3. Remember to keep holy the Lord's day

Commands: going to Church on Sundays and Holy Days of Obligation.

Forbids: missing Church through one's own fault; unnecessary servile work; public buying and selling; court trials.

4. Honor your father and your mother.

Commands: love, respect, obedience on the part of children; care on the part of parents for the spiritual and temporal welfare of their children; obedience to civil and religious superiors.

Forbids: hatred of parents and superiors; disrespect, disobedience.

5. Thou shall not kill.

Commands: safeguarding of one's own life and bodily welfare of that of others; controlling one's anger.

Forbids: unjust killing, suicide, abortion, euthanasia, artificial contraception, sterilization, fist fights, endangering life and limb of self or others, drugs and drunkenness.

6. Thou shall not commit adultery.

Commands: chastity in word and deed; avoidable occasions of sin, modesty in dress.

Forbids: pornography, bad movies, obscene speech, impure actions alone or with others, masturbation, fornication, homosexual acts, incest, bestiality.

7. Thou shall not steal.

Commands: respect for the property and rights of others; the paying of just debts; paying just wages to employees; integrity in public officials.

Forbids: theft, damage to the property of others; not paying just debts; not returning found or borrowed articles; giving unjust measure or weight in selling; not paying just wages; bribery; graft; cheating; fraud; accepting stolen property; not giving an honest day's work for wages received; violation of contracts.

8. Thou shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

Commands: truthfulness, respect for the good name of others; the observance of secrecy when required.

Forbids: lying., injury to the good name of others, slander, tale bearing, rash judgment, contemptuous speech, and the violation of secrecy.

9. Thou shall not covet your neighbor's wife.

Commands: purity in thought.

Forbids: willful impure thoughts and desires.

10. Thou shall not covet your neighbor's goods.

Commands: respect for the rights and belongings of others.

Forbids: the desire to take, to keep, or to damage the property of others.

 

THE CHIEF COMMANDMENTS OR LAWS, OF THE CHURCH

  1. To assist at Mass on all Sundays and holy days of obligation.
  2. To fast and abstain on the days appointed.
  3. To confess our sins at least once a year.
  4. To receive Holy Communion during the Easter time.
  5. To contribute to the support of the Church.
  6. To observe the laws of the Church concerning marriage.

THE 7 SACRAMENTS (The Holy Mysteries)
I.    Baptism
II.  Confirmation (Chrismation)
III. Holy Eucharist
IV. Penance (Confession, Reconciliation)
V.  Matrimony
VI. Holy Orders
VII.Extreme Unction (not Annointing of the Sick)

Notes:
A Sacrament is defined as "an outward sign of inward grace" which was instituted by Christ Himself and receives its power from God, through the merits of Christ.

Baptism, Confirmation and the Eucharist are known as the "Sacraments of Initiation" because they initiate one into the life of the Church.

Baptism and Penance are known as the "Sacraments of the Dead" because before receiving them when needed, we are dead in sin.

Confirmation, Holy Eucharist, Extreme Unction, Holy Orders, and Matrimony are known as the "Sacraments of the Living" because one must be in a state of grace to receive them licitly and receive their fruits; they give additional grace to souls already spiritually alive.

Matrimony and Holy Orders are known as the "Social Sacraments" because they are designed primarily for the benefit of society and confer a social status.

Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders are the three Sacraments which leave an indelible mark on the recipient's soul and can never be repeated.

For More information about the Sacraments Click Here

THE 7 CORPORAL WORKS OF MERCY
I.   To feed the hungry
II.  To give drink to the thirsty
III. To clothe the naked
IV. To shelter the homeless
V.  To visit the sick
VI. To visit the imprisoned
VII.To bury the dead

Note:
Reference Matthew 25 and Tobias 12. "To visit the imprisoned" was originally listed as "to ransom the captives," referring to the ransoming of Christians taken prisoner during Moslem aggression.

THE 7 SPIRITUAL WORKS OF MERCY
I.   To counsel the doubtful
II.  To instruct the ignorant
III. To admonish the sinner
IV. To comfort the sorrowful
V.  To forgive all injuries
VI. To bear wrongs patiently
VII.To pray for the living and the dead
 

THE 3 EMINENT GOOD WORKS
I.   Prayer
II.  Fasting
III.Almsgiving

THE 7 GIFTS OF THE HOLY GHOST


 

I.    Wisdom: Helps us to see that the world is only a temporary place for us, that Heaven is our true home. It helps us to set our hearts on the things that really count in life, such as God, virtue, and prayer. Embodying all the other gifts, as charity embraces all the other virtues, Wisdom is the most perfect of the gifts. Of wisdom it is written "all good things came to me with her, and innumerable riches through her hands." It is the gift of Wisdom that strengthens our faith, fortifies hope, perfects charity, and promotes the practice of virtue in the highest degree. Wisdom enlightens the mind to discern and relish things divine, in the appreciation of which earthly joys lose their savor, whilst the Cross of Christ yields a divine sweetness according to the words of the Savior: "Take up thy cross and follow me, for my yoke is sweet and my burden light."


 

II.   Understanding : Gives us an insight in to the mysteries of faith and helps us to explain in the faith to others. Understanding, as a gift of the Holy Ghost, helps us to grasp the meaning of the truths of our holy religion. By faith we know them, but by Understanding we learn to appreciate and relish them. It enables us to penetrate the inner meaning of revealed truths and through them to be quickened to newness of life. Our faith ceases to be sterile and inactive, but inspires a mode of life that bears eloquent testimony to the faith that is in us; we begin to "walk worthy of God in all things pleasing, and increasing in the knowledge of God."

 


III.   Counsel : Helps us  make correct decisions about God's will for our lives. The gift of counsel endows the soul with supernatural prudence, enabling it to judge promptly and rightly what must be done, especially in difficult circumstances. Counsel applies the principles furnished by Knowledge and Understanding to the innumerable concrete cases that conform us in the course of our daily duty as parents, teachers, public servants, and Christian citizens. Counsel is supernatural common sense, a priceless treasure in the quest of salvation. "Above all these things, pray to the Most High, that He may direct thy way in truth."

 


IV.  Fortitude : Gives us the strength to be faithful to Christ even when it is difficult to do so. By the gift of Fortitude the soul is strengthened against natural fear, and supported to the end in the performance of duty. Fortitude imparts to the will an impulse and energy which move it to undertake without hesitancy the most arduous tasks, to face dangers, to trample under foot human respect, and to endure without complaint the slow martyrdom of even lifelong tribulation. "He that shall persevere unto the end, he shall be saved."

 


V.  Knowledge: Helps us to see everything in life in relation to God and eternity. The gift of Knowledge enables the soul to evaluate created things at their true worth- in their relation to God. Knowledge unmasks the pretense of creatures, reveals their emptiness, and points out their only true purpose as instruments in the service of God. It shoes us the loving care of God even in adversity, and directs us to glorify Him in every circumstance of life. Guided by its light, we put first things first, and prize the friendship of God beyond all else. "Knowledge is a fountain of life to him that possesseth it."

 

 

VI.   Piety : Inspires us to worship God and to love Him as our Father. The gift of Piety begets in our hearts a filial affection for God as our most loving Father. It inspires us to love and respect for His sake persons and things consecrated to Him, as well as those who are vested with His authority, His Blessed Mother and the Saints, the Church, our parents and superiors, our country and its rulers. He who is filled with the gift of Piety finds the practice of his religion, not a burdensome duty, but a delightful service. "Where there is love, there is no labor."

 


VII. Fear of the Lord : Shows us the evil of sin and helps us to live in God's grace. It is also called "wonder and awe" in God's presence because it reminds us that He is great and all powerful. The gift of Fear fills us with a sovereign respect for God, and makes us dread nothing so much as to offend Him by sin. It is a fear that arises, not from the thought of hell, but from sentiments of reverence and filial submission to our heavenly Father. It is the fear that is the beginning of wisdom, detaching us from worldly pleasures that could in any way separate us from God. "They that fear the Lord will prepare their hearts, and in sight will sanctify their souls."


 


Note:
See Isaias 11:1-3


CLASS OF GIFTS OF THE HOLY GHOST KNOWN AS CHARISMATA

I.    Gift of speaking with wisdom
II.   Gift of speaking with knowledge
III.  Faith
IV.  Grace of healing
V.   Gift of miracles
VI.  Gift of prophecy
VII. Gift of discerning spirits
VIII Gift of tongues
IX.  Gift of interpreting speeches

Note:
See I Corinthians 12:6-11; I Corinthians 12:28-31; and Romans 12:6-8. The number of items in this class of Gifts of the Holy Ghost, properly called "charismata," is disputed among theologians. Some add: Gift of government, Gift of Helps, Gift of distributio, Gift of misericordia. The charismata were/are not necessary for individual sanctification, were/are not distributed to all Christians, and are to be subjected to authority and the proper ends for which they were given (I Corinthians 12-14).

THE 12 FRUITS OF THE HOLY GHOST


I.    Charity: Love for God and for others


II.   Joy: Happiness in living the Christian life


III.  Peace : Inner calmness, even in difficulties


IV.  Patience : Kindly putting up with the faults of others


V.   Benignity (Kindness) : Sympathy and concern for the needs of others


VI.  Goodness : Giving good example for the needs of others


VII. Longanimity (Longsuffering): Extraordinary patience in enduring suffering


VIII. Mildness : Being gentle in our words and deeds toward others


IX.  Faith (Fidelity) : Loyalty to God and the people we are committed to, such as one's parents, spouse, good friends


X.   Modesty : Respecting ourselves and others in conversations, dress, etc.


XI.  Continency: Proper balance in our desire for pleasure


XII. Chastity: Proper attitude toward others and control over our sexual desires

Note:
See Galatians 5:22-25 (three of these are not mentioned in some Greek and Latin manuscripts). The 12 Fruits of the Holy Ghost are the effects of the 7 Gifts of the Holy Ghost.

THE 3 THEOLOGICAL VIRTUES


Faith, Hope, Charity

Note: Reference I Corinthians 13:13. The Theological Virtues are called such because they are supernatural in origin, relate immediately to God, and can only be gained through His grace

THE 4 CARDINAL VIRTUES
Prudence
Justice
Fortitude
Temperance

Note: Reference Wisdom 8:7. The Cardinal Virtues, unlike the Theological Virtues, can be achieved by human effort.

THE 3 EVANGELICAL COUNSELS
Voluntary poverty
Perpetual chastity
Entire obedience

Note: The Evangelical Counsels, also called the Counsels of Perfection, are those precepts given by Christ that are not binding on all, but are binding on those who have a vocation to them. The 10 Commandments, the Precepts of the Church, the two Great Commandments, for ex., bind one and all, but the evangelical counsels do not. See Matthew 19:16-22 for the story of Christ's telling the young man what he needs to do in order to be saved, and then what he needs to do in order to be perfect -- two different things.

THE 6 PRECEPTS OF THE CHURCH

(THE DUTIES OF A CATHOLIC)


To go to Mass on Sundays and holy days and refrain from servile work
To go to Confession at least once a year (traditionally done during Lent)
To receive the Eucharist at least once a year, during the Easter Season (known as the "Easter duty")
To observe the days of fasting and abstinence
To help to provide for the needs of the Church
To obey the marriage laws of the Church

HOLY DAYS OF OBLIGATION IN ADDITION TO SUNDAYS

United States

Canada

England

Circumcision
Ascension
Assumption
All Saints
Imm. Conception
Christmas

Circumcision
Epiphany
Ascension
All Saints
Imm. Conception
Christmas

Circumcision
Epiphany
Ascension
Corpus Christi
SS Peter & Paul
Assumption
All Saints
Christmas

Ireland

Scotland

Australia

Circumcision
Epiphany
St. Patrick
Ascension
Corpus Christi
SS Peter & Paul
Assumption
All Saints
Imm. Conception
Christmas

Circumcision
Epiphany
St. Joseph
Ascension
Corpus Christi
SS Peter & Paul
Assumption
All Saints
Imm. Conception
Christmas

Circumcision
Ascension
Assumption
All Saints
Christmas

THE 3 POWERS OF THE SOUL
Memory
Intellect
Will

THE 4 PILLARS OF THE CATHOLIC FAITH
The Apostles Creed
The Seven Sacraments
The Ten Commandments
The Lord's Prayer

 

THE 3 PILLARS OF THE CHURCH'S AUTHORITY
Sacred Scripture
Sacred Tradition
Living Magisterium

 

THE 3 DUTIES OF THE ORDAINED
duty to teach

duty to sanctify
duty to shepherd

THE 3 PARTS OF THE CHURCH
The Church Militant (Christians on Earth)
The Church Suffering (Christians in Purgatory)
The Church Triumphant (Christians in Heaven)

THE 4 MARKS OF THE CHURCH
Unity
Sanctity
Catholicity
Apostolicity

Note: In the Nicene Creed we say that the Church is "One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic."

THE 12 APOSTLES
 

Peter

   formerly "Simon," renamed "Kepha" or "Cephas" by Our Lord; preached in Antioch, Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, and Asia Minor, Rome; headed Roman Church (was first Pope); crucified upside-down in Rome, Italy; relics at St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City. Symbols: the Keys; upside-down Latin Cross; book. Feast: June 29 (along with St. Paul); August 1 (St. Peter's Chains).

Andrew

  Peter's brother; preached in Scythia; Epirus; Achaia; Hellas; Cappadocia, Galatia, and Bithynia, Scythian deserts, Byzantium;Thrace, Macedonia, Thessaly, and Achaia; crucified in Patrae in Achaia; relics at Cathedral of Amalfi, Italy. Symbols: X-shaped Cross; anchor; fish; fishing net. Feast: November 30.

James the Greater

  he and his brother (John) nicknamed by Jesus "Sons of Thunder" (Boanerges); a son of Zebedee; possibly preached in Spain; beheaded by Herod Agrippa I to please the Jews; relics at Compostela, Spain. Symbols: seashells; pilgrim's staff; scroll; book; floppy hat; trampling a Moor; mounted on horseback. Feast: July 25.

John

  he and his brother (James the Greater) nicknamed by Jesus "Sons of Thunder" (Boanerges); a son of Zebedee; the disciple whom Jesus loved; Evangelist; preached in Asia Minor (Ephesus). Symbols: chalice; eagle; serpent; sword; cauldron. Feast December 27.

Philip

  preached in Hieropolis in Asia (?); relics at church of the Dodici Apostoli in Rome, Italy. Symbols: basket of loaves; T-shaped Cross. Feast: May 11 (with St. James the Less)

Bartholomew

  preached in India, Mesopotamia, Persia, Egypt, Armenia, Lycaonia, Phrygia, shores of the Black Sea (?); beheaded or flayed alive and crucified, head downward in Albanopolis in Armenia; relics at St. Bartholomew-in-the-Island in Rome, Italy (?). Symbols: tanner's knife; flayed skin. Feast: August 24.

Matthew

  "Levi"; Evangelist; preached in Ethiopia to the south of the Caspian Sea (not Ethiopia in Africa), Persia and the kingdom of the Parthians, Macedonia, and Syria, and to the Hebrews generally (?). Symbols: angel/man/winged man holding a pen or inkwell; bag of coins, money bag, money box, or purse; spear; sword; halberd; lance. Feast: September 21.

Thomas

  "Didymus," meaning "Twin"; familiarly (not Scripturally) known as "Doubting Thomas"; preached in India; pierced through with spears by four soldiers at Syriac Mazdai. Symbols: T-square; spear. Feast December 21.

James the Less

  "James the Just" or "James the Younger"; son of Alphaeus (Clophas) and "brother of the Lord"; Bishop of Jerusalem Church; epistle writer; killed by Jews by being thrown off the Temple and clubbed to death. Symbols: fuller's club; book; windmill. Feast: May 11 (with St. Philip)

Jude

  "Thaddaeus"; "brother of James (the Less)"; epistle writer. Symbols: shown with medallion with profile of Jesus around his neck; shown with flame above his head; oar; boat; axe; book; pen. Feast: October 28 (with St. Simon).

Simon

  "Simon the Zealot" or "Simon the Canaanite." Symbols: fish(es); man being sawn in two longitudinally; saw; lance. Feast: October 28 (with St. Jude).

Judas Iscariot

  replaced after his suicide by Matthias (St. Matthias's Feast: February 24).

 Note: Matthias; disciple selected with Barsabas, after the Ascension, from those followers of Christ who were deemed qualified for appointment to the Apostleship vacant through the betrayal and death of Judas. After prayer and a solemn appeal to lots Matthias was chosen (Acts 1). As a disciple he had attended Christ from the Baptism until his Ascension. Details on his life and death vary; tradition maintains that he was stoned and beheaded  by the Jews that rejected Jesus as the Messiah, in Jerusalem. Feast day is Feb. 24th

THE 12 TRIBES OF ISRAEL
In order of their birth:


Reuben
Simeon
Levi
Judah
Zabulon
Issachar
Dan
Gad
Asher
Naphtali
Joseph (Menasseh and Ephraim)
Benjamin

 

THE 8 BEATITUDES


Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven.
Blessed are the meek: for they shall posses the land.
Blessed are they who mourn: for they shall be comforted
Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after justice: for they shall have their fill
Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy
Blessed are the clean of heart: for they shall see God
Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called children of God
Blessed are they that suffer persecution for justice' sake, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven

Note: Reference Matthew 5:3-10.

 

THE 7 SORROWS AND 7 JOYS OF OUR LADY

Sorrows: Joys:
The Prophecy of Simeon (Luke 2:33-35) The Annunciation (Luke 1:27-38)
The Flight into Egypt (Matthew 3: 13-15) The Visitation (Luke 1:39-58)
The Loss of Jesus in the Temple (Luke 2:41-52) The Birth of Jesus (Luke 2:7)
The Meeting of Jesus and Mary on the Way of the Cross (John 19:17) The Adoration of the Magi (Matthew 2:7-11)
The Crucifixion (John 19:25-30) The Finding of Jesus in the Temple (Luke 2:46)
The Taking Down of the Body of Jesus from the Cross (John 19: 31-37) The Resurrection of Our Lord (John 20:1-9)
Jesus laid in the Tomb (John 19:38-42) The Assumption and Coronation of the Blessed Virgin (Apocalypse 12)

THE 7 SORROWS AND 7 JOYS OF ST. JOSEPH

Sorrows: Joys:
The doubt of Saint Joseph (Matthew 1:19) The Message of the Angel (Matthew 1:20)
The poverty of Jesus' birth (Luke 2:7) Jesus' Birth itself (Luke 2:7)
The Circumcision (Luke 2:21) The Holy Name of Jesus (Matthew 1:25)
Simeon's prophecy that many would be lost (Luke 2:34) Simeon's prophecy that many would rise (Luke 2:34)
The flight into Egypt (Matthew 2:13-14) The Overthrow of Idols (Isaias 19:1)
The return from Egypt (Matthew 2:22) Life with Mary and Jesus (Luke 2:39)
The loss of the Child Jesus (Luke 2:45) The Finding of Jesus in the Temple (Luke 2:46)

THE ORDER OF CREATION
 

First Day:

Heaven and a formless, water-covered Earth, then Light

Second Day:

The Firmament of Heaven

The Third Day:

Separation of the waters on earth to form the dry land and seas; then grass, herbs, and fruit trees

The Fourth Day:

Sun, Moon and Stars

The Fifth Day:

Creatures of the waters and of the air

The Sixth Day:

Creatures of the land, then Man

Note: God, Who is of the supernatural order, created the natural and preternatural (e.g., the angelic) orders out of nothing (ex nihilo), in time ("in the beginning"), and for His own pleasure. Only God can "create," and because of this, it is actually rather blasphemous to refer to man as "creating" anything. Man can produce, re-produce, manufacture, form, fashion, design, shape, or make -- but he cannot bring into existence anything out of nothing.

THE 9 CHOIRS OF ANGELS
                        In ascending order:

TYPE THEIR DUTIES AS ANGELS
Angels  God gave us as our guardian angels, and they are said to be our personality perfected
Archangels  Assist in teaching the faith
Principalities  Created to watch over parishes
Powers  Guardian angels of priest
Virtues  Created to assist those who strive for a particular virtue
Dominations  Help us to overcome our sinful behaviors, during Lent they help us to practice penance
Thrones  Created to watch over lawful leaders
Cherubim  Created to adore God
Seraphim  Created to adore God


Note: The Choir of Angels is divided into three triads with specific concerns: 

The 1st triad:

Angels, Archangels, and Principalities: concern themselves with the minute ordering of the universe and specific causes, including the welfare of people. Each human being, each church, and each country has a Guardian Angel. The Feast of the Guardian Angels is October 2.

The 2nd triad:

Powers, Virtues and Dominations: known as the "angels of creation" because they concern themselves with the ordering of the universe and a plurality of causes.

The 3rd triad:

Thrones, Cherubim, and Seraphim: concern themselves with contemplating the glory of God. It is the 6-winged Seraphim who sing the Sanctus, "Holy, Holy, Holy Lord God of Hosts" (Isaias 6:3).

Angels (the word means "Messengers") are pure spirits, created before man, who were given one choice at the beginning of Creation: the Kingdom of God -- or the Absence of God, which is the Kingdom of Satan, the first Angel who rebelled.

There are 7 Archangels (Tobias 12:15). We know the names of 3 of them from Scripture:
 

bulletMichael (Daniel, Epistle of St. Jude, Apocalypse of St. John), whose name means "Who is like God" and whose Feast is September 29;
bulletGabriel (Daniel and Luke), whose name means "Strength of God" and whose Feast is March 24; and
bulletRaphael (Tobias), whose name means "Medicine of God" and whose Feast is October 24.

The apocryphal Book of Enoch lists the other 4 as:

bulletUriel;
bulletRaguel;
bulletSariel; and
bulletJeramiel.

THE 3 LEVELS OF REVERENCE

Dulia: the reverence we give to Saints
Hyperdulia: the reverence we give to Mary as the greatest of Saints and Mother of God
Latria: the reverence and worship we give to God alone

THE 7 LAST WORDS OF CHRIST

Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do.   (Luke 23:34)
Amen I say to thee: This day thou shalt be with me in paradise.   (Luke 23:43)
Woman, behold thy son. . . .Behold thy mother.   (John 19:26-27)
Eli, Eli, lamma sabacthani? (My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken me?)   (Matthew 27:46, ref. Psalm 21)
I thirst.   (John 19:28)
It is consummated.   (John 19:30)
Father, into Thy hands I commend my spirit.   (Luke 23:46, ref. Psalm 30:6)

THE 4 LAST THINGS TO REMEMBER
Death
Judgement
Heaven
Hell

Sin

THE SEVEN DEADLY SINS & THEIR CONTRARY VIRTUES

We should not be satisfied merely to keep the commandments of God, but should always be ready to do good deeds, even when they are not commanded. The commandments of God state the minimum requirements for salvation. They should be kept not merely according to the letter, but also according to the spirit, which obliges us to strive for greater perfection.

Actual sin is any willful thought, desire, word, action or ommission forbidden by the law of God.
 

Deadly Sin

Definition

Contrary Virtue

Pride

Unrestrained appreciation of our own worth

Humility
Greed

Immoderate desire for earthly goods

Liberality
Lust

Hankering for impure pleasures

Chastity
Anger

Inordinate desire for revenge

Meekness
Gluttony

Unrestrained use of food and drink

Temperance
Envy

Sorrow over another's good fortune

Brotherly Love
Sloth

Laxity in keeping the Faith and the practice of virtue

Diligence

Note:
The 7 Deadly Sins, also known as "The 7 Capital Sins," are those sins that give rise to other sins. They were first enumerated by Pope St. Gregory the Great in "Moralia in Job."


FOUR SINS CRYING TO HEAVEN FOR VENGEANCE

  1.   Willful murder (including abortion)
  2.   The sin of Sodom.
  3.   Oppression of the poor.
  4.   Defrauding laborers of their wages.

THE SIX SINS AGAINST THE HOLY SPIRIT

  1.   Presumption of God's mercy.
  2.   Despair.
  3.   Impugning the known truth.
  4.   Envy at another's spiritual good.
  5.   Obstinacy in sin.
  6.   Final impenitence.

NINE WAYS OF BEING ACCESSORY TO ANOTHER'S SIN

  1.   By counsel.
  2.   By command.
  3.   By consent.
  4.   By provocation.
  5.   By praise or flattery.
  6.   By concealment.
  7.   By partaking.
  8.   By silence.
  9.   By defense of the ill done
 
MORTAL SIN & VENIAL SIN

"Let no man, when he is tempted, say that he is tempted by God.  For God is not a tempter of evils, and he tempteth no man.  But every man is tempted by his own concupiscence, being drawn away and allured.  Then when concupiscence hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin.  But sin, when it is completed, begetteth death."  (James 1:13-15)

  1. What is sin? Sin is any thought, word, desire, action, or neglect (omission) prohibited (forbidden) by the law of God.

     

  2. When are you guilty of sin? To be guilty –
    1. You must know that you are breaking God's law, and...
    2. You must freely choose to do it.

     

  3. How many kinds of sin are there?
        Two – mortal sin and venial sin.

     

  4. What is mortal sin? A "big" sin, a serious violation of God's law.

    Examples:Getting drunk, adultery, stealing something expensive.

     

  5. What does mortal sin do to the soul? It drives the Sanctifying Grace out of your soul.

    "What fruit had you then in those things, of which you are now ashamed?  For the end of them is death."    (Romans 6:21)

     

  6. Where will you go if you die with mortal sin on your soul? You will go to Hell forever.

    "They shall have their portion in the pool burning with fire and brimstone, which is the second death."    (Apocalypse 21:8)

     

  7. Can all mortal sins be forgiven?  Yes, if you are truly sorry for them and do everything necessary for forgiveness.

    "If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just, to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all iniquity."    (1 John 1:9)

     

  8. What is venial sin? A "small" sin, a less serious violation of God's law.

    Examples:  Impatience, ordinary anger, stealing something cheap, getting slightly drunk.

     

  9. What does venial sin do to your soul? It does not drive out the Sanctifying Grace from your soul, but it does make you less pleasing to God.

     

  10. Where will you go if you die with venial sin on your soul (and no mortal sins)? You will go to Purgatory.

     

  11. Can a number of venial sins become a mortal sin? No.  (Except that a series of similar small, recurring thefts from the same person amounts to one large theft and therefore can be a mortal sin.)

     

  12. If you do something wrong, but do not know it is wrong, are you guilty of sin?  No, if it is through no fault of yours that you do not know it is wrong.

    Example:  If you eat meat on Ash Wednesday, completely forgetting that it is Ash Wednesday, you are not guilty of sin.
     

    (Ed. note:  There are some things, though, that you know are wrong, even though somebody may never have told you that they are wrong, such as birth control or homosexuality.  Even though you may not have been told that they are wrong, common sense or the natural law tells you that they are wrong.)

     

  13. Are you guilty of sin if you intend to do something wrong, even though you do not actually do it? Yes, because even the intention to offend God is a sin.

    Example:  If you intend to rob a bank, but are frightened off by the guards, you still commit just as bad a sin as if you had robbed the bank.

     

  14. What should you do if you do not know whether something is mortal or venial sin? You should not do it; otherwise, you will commit a mortal sin, because you show yourself willing to offend God seriously.

    Example:  You do not know whether eating too much is a mortal or venial sin, but you go ahead and eat too much anyway.

     

  15. What is temptation? Temptation is an attraction to commit sin.

     

  16. Can you always overcome temptation? Yes, because no temptation can force you into sin, and God will always help you.

    "And God is faithful, Who will not suffer you to be tempted above that which you are able:  But will make also with temptation issue, that you may be able to bear it."    (1 Corinthians 10:13)

     

  17. What should you do when you are tempted?
       First, ask God to help you, and then, get busy doing something else.
    "And lead us not into temptation.  But deliver us from evil."    (1 Corinthians 10:13)

     

  18. How can you avoid temptations? Avoid all persons, places or things that may lead you into sin, and ask God for actual graces.

     

  19. What are actual graces? They are "helps" from God which enlighten the mind and strengthen the will to do good and avoid evil.

    "My grace is sufficient for thee:  For power is made perfect in infirmity."    (2 Corinthians 12:9)

    Actual graces come and go, but Sanctifying Grace remains in the soul.  Sanctifying Grace is LIFE; actual grace is HELP.

     

  20. Can you resist actual graces? Unfortunately, yes, for you are free, and God does not force you to use them.

    "And we helping do exhort you, that you receive not the grace of God in vain."    (2 Corinthians 6:1)

3 CONDITIONS FOR MORTAL SIN
Grave matter
Full knowledge
Deliberate consent

Note:
From the Catechism of St. Pius X, "The Main Kinds of Sin,"

Question 9-10:
Q: What injury does mortal sin do the soul?
A: (1) Mortal sin deprives the soul of grace and of the friendship of God; (2) It makes it lose Heaven; (3) It deprives it of merits already acquired, and renders it incapable of acquiring new merits; (4) It makes it the slave of the devil; (5) It makes it deserve hell as well as the chastisements of this life.
Q: Besides grave matter, what is required to constitute a mortal sin?
A: To constitute a mortal sin, besides grave matter there is also required full consciousness of the gravity of the matter, along with the deliberate will to commit the sin.

7 FAILURES WHICH FEW PEOPLE

TAKE INTO ACCOUNT

  1.   To form good habits that bring peace in advanced years
  2.   To live in simple, humble surroundings
  3.   To make friends with the Saints
  4.   To win the special protection of the angels through prayer
  5.   To give alms to the poor, the merit of which will live for years
  6.   To gain indulgences in the easy way offered by the Church
  7.   To grow old virtuously

7 DISGUISES IN WHICH GOD FREQUENTLY

SENDS HIS GRACES

  1.   In the disguise of ingratitude from friends
  2.   In the disguise of being misunderstood
  3.   In the disguise of failure
  4.   In the disguise of being dishonored
  5.   In the disguise of poverty
  6.   In the disguise of sickness
  7.   In the disguise of death

 

"The suffering endured for God are the greatest proof of our love for Him"

-Saint Alphonsus

 

Credit: Some of the above text in the Catholic Belief section has been provided courtesy of Fisheaters.com

 

Gaining Indulgences

 

Crucifixion, by Diego Velazquez, 1632

Indulgences in General: An indulgence is the remission by God, in whole or in part, of the temporal punishment due o sin after its guilt has been forgiven in the Sacrament of Penance. When a penitent performs an indulgenced work, the Church grants him, by means of what is called an indulgence, some of the superabundant merits of the undeserved sufferings of Our Lord and the Saints, and so enables him to pay his debt to God's justice or to relieve a suffering soul in Purgatory. For, as St. Thomas says, "When a person gains an indulgence, he pays the penalty which he owes for his faults out of the common stock of the Church's goods."

In order to gain an indulgence, one must have been baptized, one must be in the state of grace (at least at the end of the required exercise), and one must not be excommunicated. Besides fulfilling all the requirements of the indulgence exactly, devoutly and in accordance with the general sense of the grant, one must have a least a general intention of acquiring the indulgence (Canon 925). Unless the contrary is evident, all the indulgences are applied to the dead. No indulgences which are gained by one person can be applied to another person who is still alive (Canon 930). The Church's indulgences which are granted on behalf of the dead are regarded as intercessions; those which are granted to the living are in the manner of absolution.

"Public Devotions" are such as are held in common in a church or oratory (chapel). All others are considered private.

First we must understand what indulgences are so we don't lapse into superstition.

And here is what indulgences are not: they are not permission to commit sins in the future; they are not "get out of Hell free" cards; they are not the forgiveness of the guilt of sin. They have nothing to do with eternal salvation; they are only for the temporal effects of sins that have already been forgiven through Penance (or a perfect Act of Contrition, as the case may be).
 

bullet A: Sin has two different types of effects -- Eternal and Temporal


Sin has both eternal consequences and temporal consequences. As an example, if I were to take an innocent life, an objectively gravely sinful matter (one of the three conditions for mortal sin), under the subjective conditions of mortal sin (full knowledge, full consent of the will), and died unrepentant, I would go to Hell. My going to Hell would be the eternal consequence of my sin.

The temporal consequences of that sin range from the death of the innocent person; the suffering of my family who endured the shame and ramifications of my arrest and incarceration or enduring capital punishment; the effects of the loss of the innocent person on the family of the innocent person; the costs to the community of the loss of the innocent person; the costs to the community of litigation; the spiritual effects on the weaker members of the community whose view of the world and God's Justice and Mercy could be affected knowing that innocent life can be taken so easily; the tarnishing of the image of the Body of Christ and the bringing of scandal upon the Church; the loss of grace in my soul and the predisposition to sin again as sin can become habitual, penance I would have to do to pay for the effects of my sin (this includes penance given to me during Confession, personal penance, and the penance assigned to me by God to be paid on earth and/or in Purgatory), etc.

If I were to repent and receive forgiveness through the Sacrament of Penance, the eternal consequences -- satisfied for by Christ at Calvary -- are no longer an issue because I receive the effects of His atoning Sacrifice (I will have been justified) when I reconcile with the Church through a good Confession. But I still have to pay for the temporal consequences of my sin because God is not only merciful, He is just. An example of this is that of a child who steals a candy bar and then tearfully, with true contrition, confesses his crime to his parent. The parent, being loving and good and merciful, as our Father in Heaven is, will forgive that child and allow the child back in the parent's "good graces" -- but he will also still expect the child to pay back the store from which he stole. Another example is the common one of, say, an imprisoned murderer repenting and coming to know Christ -- but who still must serve out his time in prison or give up his life as punishment.

The temporal effects of repented sins that are not paid for in life through the effects of natural law, personal penance, penance given by the priest at Confession, or mystical penances given to me by God, are paid for in Purgatory. St. Augustine, in City of God (A.D. 419), sums up Catholic thinking on such things:

Temporal punishments are suffered by some in this life only, by some after death, by some both here and hereafter, but all of them before that last and strictest judgment [i.e. when Christ comes again to judge the living and the dead]. But not all who suffer temporal punishments after death will come to eternal punishments, which are to follow after that judgment.

Purgation -- the process of making satisfaction for debt caused by sin so that we may become perfect, divinized, and enter Heaven -- is quite Scriptural, of course. mention to purgation are found all over the Bible; but it is summed up most clearly in the following two verses:

Matthew 5:25-26
Be at agreement with thy adversary betimes, whilst thou art in the way with him: lest perhaps the adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and thou be cast into prison. Amen I say to thee, thou shalt not go out from thence till thou repay the last farthing.

1 Corinthians 3:12-15
Now, if any man build upon this foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble: Every man's work shall be manifest. For the day of the Lord shall declare it, because it shall be revealed in fire. And the fire shall try every man's work, of what sort it is. If any man's work abide, which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward. If any mans work burn, he shall suffer loss: but he himself shall be saved, yet so as by fire.

bullet B: The temporal effects of sin affect others not only in natural, but in mystical ways


As far back as the Old Testament, it is made clear that the temporal effects of sin affect others who may not have committed personal sin. The greatest and first example is that of the sin of Adam and Eve which resulted in the fall of man from grace and in his propensity for corruption and personal sin which we call "original sin."

The Pentateuch (the first five Books of the Bible) also speaks of the sins of the fathers being visited upon the children:

Exodus 20:5
...I am the Lord thy God, mighty, jealous, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate Me.

           I Corinthians 12:26 demonstrates that what affects one member of the Body affects another:

And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it: or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.

All of these temporal punishments, though painful, are merciful. Without discipline and punishment from God, we would continue in our ways, remain unrepentant, and then suffer the eternal consequences of doing so. A father who does not discipline his children is a bad father who is setting up his child for greater troubles down the road. God, though, is a good Father:

Hebrews 12:5-11
And have you forgotten the consolation which speaketh to you, as unto children saying: My son, neglect not the discipline of the Lord: neither be thou wearied whilst thou art rebuked by Him. For whom the Lord loveth, He chastiseth: and He scourgeth every son whom he receiveth. But if you be without chastisement, whereof all are made partakers, then are you bastards, not sons. Moreover, we have had fathers of our flesh for instructors, and we reverenced them. Shall we not much more obey the Father of spirits and live? And they indeed for a few days, according to their own pleasure, instructed us: but He, for our profit, that we might receive His sanctification. Now all chastisement for the present indeed seemeth not to bring with it joy but sorrow: but afterwards it will yield to them that are exercised by it the most peaceable fruit of justice.

bullet C: Grace and good works affect others in the same way


Continue reading the Exodus 20 mentioned above:

Exodus 20:5-6
...I am the Lord thy God, mighty, jealous, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me. And showing mercy unto thousands to them that love me, and keep my commandments.

The good we do, by the grace of Christ, ripples out into the universe and builds up His Body:

Colossians 1:23-24
If so ye continue in the faith, grounded and settled, and immoveable from the hope of the gospel which you have heard, which is preached in all the creation that is under heaven: whereof I Paul am made a minister. Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you and fill up those things that are wanting of the sufferings of Christ, in my flesh, for his body, which is the church...

When we cooperate with grace -- when we pray, give alms, fast, offer up our sufferings, etc. -- we literally strengthen the Body of Christ in a mystical way! Christ Himself and all the Saints of 2,000 years (by the grace of Christ) have built up His Mystical Body and laid up a "treasury of merit" or "spiritual treasury," as it is also called. In the same way we or others detract from the Body of Christ through sin, we and others add to this treasury -- and receive the fruits thereof when we receive an indulgence, for we are one in the Body of Christ:

Romans 7:5
We being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another

And read once again I Corinthians 12:26:

And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with it: or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.

bullet D: The Church was given the power to bind and loose

To Peter was given the Keys to the Kingdom (Matthew 16) and the power of binding and loosing (forbidding/permitting, condemning/acquitting). In exercising this power of the Keys, the Church has the authority to determine certain practices which help us to benefit from the treasury of merit and alleviate the temporal effects of sins we've confessed and are already forgiven for. This is an indulgence.

That the Church was given the power to forgive the eternal effects of sin through the Sacrament of Penance makes it easier to understand how the Church also has the power to alleviate the lesser, temporal effects of sin. The Church whose priests were given the authority by Christ to forgive the guilt of sin and thereby, by the Blood of Christ, eliminate the eternal punishments for sin, surely also has the authority to pardon the temporal punishments of sin.

To refer again to the analogy of the child who steals a candy bar and repents:

 
The Good parent and child Holy Mother Church and child
the parent forgives the child for stealing and allows the child back into his good graces the Church forgives the guilt through the Sacrament of Confession, thereby eliminating the eternal consequences by the grace of Christ, and restoring the penitent from being a "dead member" of the Church to a "living member" of the Church
the child desires to pay back the store ("make satisfaction" for his debt) the faithful desires to make satisfaction for his debt to God which he incurred through sin
the child turns to his parent for help in making satisfaction for his debt to the store. The child doesn't have the money to pay back the store, but to the parent, the cost of the candy bar is nothing Holy Mother Church was given the power of the Keys and, therefore, the authority to make ways for the penitent to make satisfaction for his debts to God by tapping into the treasury of merits of Christ and the Saints
the good parent says that if the child is truly contrite and truly desires to make satisfaction for the debt, he can earn enough to pay for some of the candy bar if he does X, or enough to pay for all of the candy bar if he does Y Holy Mother Church sets out certain prayers and works to be offered under certain conditions which will either pay for some of the debt owed to God (partial indulgence) or all of the debt owed to God (plenary indulgence)
the child does X or Y the faithful performs the prescribed actions, under the prescribed conditions, to gain an indulgence
the good parent follows through on his promise, helping the child pay for his crime by opening his wallet and giving the child some or all of the money to pay back the store. the Church mitigates punishment incurred (temporal penalties) by opening the treasury of merit and applying those merits to the faithful.

Now, suppose there are two children. One child steals the candy bar and then dies. The other child -- his brother, say -- wants to help pay his dead brother's debt, so he pays back the store in the name of his dead brother.

In this way, the Catholic can offer the benefits of the indulgence to the souls in Purgatory. Indulgences can only be applied to oneself or to a soul in Purgatory, not to another living person. When applied to the souls in Purgatory, it is done only by petition to God, for those no longer of the Church Militant (the living members of the Church on Earth) are not subject to the Church hierarchs who've been given the authority to grant indulgences.

bullet E: Indulgences are either Partial or Plenary

An indulgence can be either partial, which remits only some of the temporal punishment due to sin, or plenary, which remits all temporal punishment due to sin.

 
Partial Indulgences:

Once the soul has left the body, it lives in "spirit time," and this is not measured by days, months and years. So, by a 300 days' indulgence one does not mean that the soul's suffering in Purgatory is shortened by 300 days, but that the indulgence cancels an amount of punishment equal to that which would have been remitted in the sight of God if that person has performed, while on earth, 300 days of the severe canonical penances of ancient times.

Partial indulgences can be acquired as often as one desires. To gain a partial indulgence, one must do the following. These are "the usual conditions" for receiving a partial indulgence:
 
bullet be in a state of grace (free of mortal sin). A good Confession isn't otherwise necessary, but a contrite heart for even venial sin is.
bullet intend to receive the indulgence
bullet perform the prescribed action of the indulgence

There are three General Grants of partial indulgences and many Special Grants.

The General Grants:

bullet First General Grant:
A partial indulgence is granted to the faithful who, in the performance of their duties and in bearing the trials of life, raise their mind with humble confidence to God, adding - even if only mentally - some pious invocation.
bullet Second General Grant:
A partial indulgence is granted to the faithful, who in a spirit of faith and mercy give of themselves or of their goods to serve their brothers in need.
bullet Third General Grant:
A partial indulgence is granted to the faithful, who in a spirit of penance voluntarily deprive themselves of what is licit and pleasing to them.

Special Grants:

bullet indulgenced prayers, either recited alone, alternately with a companion, or by following it mentally as another recites it
bullet indulgenced works, such as the devout use of a properly blessed article of devotion (Crucifix, Rosary, scapulars, or medals), reading Scripture, making the Sign of the Cross, visits to the Blessed Sacrament, etc.


Plenary Indulgences:

The conditions which the Church has laid down for the gaining of a Plenary indulgence are nearly always the same: Confession, Holy Communion, a visit to a church and prayers for Popes intentions- (the "Popes Intention" comprise the exaltation of Mother Church, the propagation of the Faith, the uprooting of heresy, the conversion of sinners, peace and concord among Christian nations and the other needs of Christianity. Therefore you are praying for Holy Mother Church, this can be always fulfilled - even in times when the Chair of Peter is vacant, as in the period between the death of a pope and the election of a new pope or in times where the Chair of Peter has been usurped by anti-Popes- which is our current situation.)

CONFESSION: In order to be able to gain even a partial indulgence, one must have a genuine sorrow and hatred for ones sins, a firm determination to amend and a sincere desire to satisfy divine justice: one must be in a state of grace to gain a plenary indulgence, one must, in addition be free from attachment to any venial sin.

In order to gain a plenary indulgence on a certain day, one must go to confession at least within eight before or eight days after that day. If one is accustomed to go to confession at least twice a month, or to receive Holy Communion daily (in a state of grace and with a devout intention), then one may gain all pleanary indulgences (except jubilee indulgences), without going to confession for each plenary indulgence one wishes to gain. Nor are these benefits lost to daily communion if they fail to receive Holy Communion one or two days during the week (Canon 931).

HOLY COMMUNION: To gain a plenary indulgence one may receive Holy Communion on the day before that to which the indulgence is attached, on the day itself, or one of the eight days immediately following (Canon 931).

VISIT TO A CHURCH: This condition for gaining a plenary indulgence is met by entering a church or oratory (chapel) with an intention of honoring God or the Saints and devoutly reciting the required prayer. Where no set form is prescribed for that particular indulgence, one may use any vocal or mental prayer of ones own choice. When the visit must be made on a particular day, it may be made at any time from noon on the previous day to midnight on the appointed day. The visit may be made to a public or semi-public oratory only when so stated, and the use of a semi-public oratory is restricted to those who are legitimately entitled to its use (Canon 923).

PRAYER FOR THE POPE'S INTENTION: This condition is fulfilled by saying one or six "Our Father, Hail Mary and Glory Be" vocally. Mental prater is not sufficient. (the "Popes Intention" comprise the exaltation of Mother Church, the propagation of the Faith, the uprooting of heresy, the conversion of sinners, peace and concord among Christian nations and the other needs of Christianity. Therefore you are praying for Holy Mother Church, this can be always fulfilled - even in times when the Chair of Peter is vacant, as in the period between the death of a pope and the election of a new pope or in times where the Chair of Peter has been usurped by anti-Popes- which is our current situation.)

Plenary Indulgences can be acquired only once each day for the same work (unless one is at the moment before death, in which case he may acquire another. Another exception is on All Souls Day -- November 2 -- when the faithful may gain a plenary indulgence, only for the souls in Purgatory, as often as they want). Plenary indulgences are much more demanding than partial indulgences, for they require one to do the following. These are "the usual conditions" for receiving a plenary indulgence:
 

bullet have the intention of gaining the indulgence
bullet receive the Sacrament of Penance (within several days before or after the prescribed action of the indulgence, though the same day is best, if possible)
bullet receive the Eucharist (within several days before or after the prescribed action of the indulgence, though the same day is best, if possible)
bullet pray 1 or 6 Paters (Our Father), 1 or 6 Aves (Hail Mary), and 1 or 6 Glorias (Glory Be). Be for the intentions of the "Popes Intention"- the "Popes Intention" comprise the exaltation of Mother Church, the propagation of the Faith, the uprooting of heresy, the conversion of sinners, peace and concord among Christian nations and the other needs of Christianity. Therefore you are praying for Holy Mother Church, this can be always fulfilled - even in times when the Chair of Peter is vacant, as in the period between the death of a pope and the election of a new pope or in times where the Chair of Peter has been usurped by anti-Popes- which is our current situation. These prayers should be said within several days before or after the prescribed action of the indulgence, though the same day is best, if possible.
bullet perform the prescribed action of the indulgence. If the prescribed action of the indulgence requires a visit to a church or oratory, one must visit devoutly and recite 1 Our Father and the Creed. This doesn't refer to any visits to a church for Confession or the Eucharist in order to fulfill the requirements listed above; it refers to such indulgences as those granted to the faithful for visiting a church on the day of its consecration, visiting their parochial church on its titular feast day, visiting the stational churches of Rome, etc.
bullet be free from all attachment to venial sin

This last is most difficult, but if it can't be fulfilled, a partial indulgence will be gained.

Some examples of ways to gain a plenary indulgence:

bullet Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament for at least one hour
bullet Making the Way of the Cross or, if unable to get to a church, the pious meditation and reading on the Passion and Death of Our Lord for a half an hour
bullet Private recitation of five decades of the Rosary. This must be done vocally, continuously, and while meditating on the Mysteries
bullet Public recitation of five decades of the Rosary. This must be done vocally, continuously, and with the Mysteries announced out loud and meditated on.
bullet A plenary indulgence is granted on each Friday of Lent to the faithful who after Communion piously recite before an image of Christ crucified the prayer: "Look down upon me, good and gentle Jesus." On the other days of the year the indulgence is partial.
bullet A plenary indulgence is granted to the faithful who renew their baptismal promises in the liturgy of the Easter Vigil
bullet A plenary indulgence is granted when an Act of Consecration is publicly recited on the feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus
bullet A plenary indulgence is received by those who publicly make the Act of Consecration of the Human Race to the Sacred Heart on the Feast of Christ the King (last Sunday in October)
bullet A pious visit to a church, a public or chapel on All Souls' Day (November 2) with the prayers of one Our Father and the Creed; this indulgence is applicable only to the Souls in Purgatory.
bullet A devout visit to a cemetery with a prayer, even if only mental, for the departed souls, from the first to the eighth day of November.

With any of these indulgences, one's confessor (not just any priest) may commute the work or conditions of receiving them if there is hardship.

The complete list of indulgenced prayers and works are contained in a book called the "Raccolta."

A Very Serious Warning about Freemasons

There is very  little public knowledge about the Freemasons, if you do know anything, it is usually about their community service or burn victim hospitals. The truth is, these are schemes to cover the true intentions of the Freemasons. For example, have you have ever seen one of the hats the Shriners wear?  Those hats are called Fezzes, it originates from the 7th century Arabia. Under the leadership of Mohammed, thousands of Catholics were slaughtered in the City of Fez, Morocco. After the slaughter the Mohammedans took their hats and dipped them into the blood of the Christians. They wore the Fezzes throughout the land glorifying their victory over Christianity.. This is the meaning behind the reddish hats on the heads of 33rd degree masons (Shriners).

Please be aware of this evil, many of those that are brought into the Freemasons think it is a charitable men's club, but that is their disguise. Many of the men that enter these Lodges do not understand fully what they are getting themselves involved in. If a Freemason was to see this simple argument he would simply say that we are some fanatical group trying to put down another group; out of some spiteful plot. Please do not believe any nonsense that will be told you regarding their defense. Please investigate on your own. There are many ex-mason websites trying to warn others of the plan to destroy Christianity. You will find out how Islam, Freemasons and Communism are connected. Please read below for a brief history of the Freemasons.

 

Historic Origins of Modern Masonry

Modern Masonry was founded in London in 1717 when four small Masonic lodges united to become the Grand Lodge of England. Subsequently, in 1736, the first Masonic Lodge in Europe, the Grand Orient Lodge in Paris, was founded.

Freemasonry known also as the Craft or the Brotherhood, was no longer a guild of operative stone masons who had built Europe's great Catholic cathedrals, It had become a collection of intellectuals who out of pride valued reason over faith which in turn led to a descent into the spiritual darkness of self-deification.

In Defense of Christianity

Since 1738, the Popes have warned of the intrinsic deceitfulness of Freemasonry and similar secret societies because of their rejection of Jesus Christ as the Savior and Redeemer.

The intrinsic evil of Masonry, which embraces organized naturalism and denies the divinity of Christ, was already so evident by 1738 that Pope Clement XII in an encyclical binding to the entire Christian Church admonished the faithful to avoid membership in and association wit Freemasonry: " All the faithful of Christ of whatever state, grade, condition or order, we ordain stringently and in virtue of holy obedience, that they shall not under any pretext enter, propagate or support the aforesaid societies, known as Freemasons, or otherwise named, that the faithful shall not be enrolled in them, or take part in their proceedings, assist them, or afford them in any way counsel, and, or favor, publicly or privately, directly or indirectly, by themselves or by others in any way whatever under pain of excommunication to be incurred by the very act without further declaration...." Absolution from this most grievous offense against God, was only obtainable from the successor to St. Peter.

Clements's condemnation was absolute "...because of the wickedness and perversion of Masonry and their ability to deceive."

In 1829, Pope Pius VIII stated, " Lying is their rule, Satan is their God, and shameful deeds their sacrifice." And in 1885, Pope Pius IX told the Archbishop of Paris that Masonic secret sects formed " The Synagogue of Satan."

Pope Leo XIII, in Human Genus, labeled Freemasonry "this foul plague [with] a fraudulent external appearance," and proclaimed, "we wish it to be your rule first of all to tear away the mask from Freemasonry and let it be seen for what it really is; and by sermons and pastoral letters to instruct the peoples as to the artifices used by societies of this kind in seducing men."

Masonic Black Masses

In a 1991 interview Cardinal Eduard Gagnon, member of the Church's Curia, said he knew from his personal experience in Canada, that Masons stole the Consecrated Hosts to be used in the celebration of Masonic black masses. The Cardinal stated further that Masons had made repeated efforts to influence the Vatican to lift all prohibitions against Catholic membership.

Masonic Wars and Assassinations

The Masonic lodges, together with the Jacobins and the Illuminati masterminded the bloody French Revolution to overthrow the Catholic monarchy and the catholic Church so as to install a Masonic republic. Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were beheaded; the Catholic clergy were either murdered or forced to hide; a Masonic black Mass desecrated the high altar of Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, and Masonic governments have ruled France for most of the past two centuries. In 1914, World War I was precipitated by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir apparent to the Hapsburg throne and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Gavrilo Princep, one of the assassins, testified that the Serbian Masonic Lodge had ordered the assassination-the goal was to destroy both the Hapsburg dynasty and the Austro- Hungarian Empire. Kaiser Wilhelm II stated in his biography that the Masonic Grand Masters of Europe intended to destroy the Catholic Hapsburg dynasty, eliminate the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and destroy the Catholic Church. They were successful in two of the three goals!

In 1917, Saint Maximilian Kolbe watched in horror as the Freemasons, celebrating their bicentennial, marched through the streets of Rome carrying banners depicting Satan defeating St. Michael and declaring: "Satan will rule on Vatican Hill and the Pope will serve as his errand boy." Martyr and saint, Fr. Kolbe worked tirelessly against Masonry because he knew how this enemy of the Church insidiously effects revolutionary social changes by promoting spiritual paralysis, moral compromise, secular humanism, and the heresy of indifferentism.

In July, 1992,Mexico's Masonic Grand Master Francisco Valle Guzman condemned the Catholic Church as "the most powerful and ruthless enemy of science, civilization, fraternity and love. Any reconciliation between us is impossible." He then added that Masonry's "duty" is to be the "gravediggers" of the Catholic Church.

In the spring of 1993, Mexican Cardinal Posadas Ocampo stated, "the principles and traditional philosophy of the Freemasons makes it clear that they don't act in our favor," adding that the 1994 presidential elections "would be an appropriate occasion for change."

In May 1993, the Cardinal was gunned down in the Guadalajara Airport. Although circumstantial evidence points to a Masonic assassination, Mexico's Masonic government continues to declare that the murder was an accident.

Warning

At each degree of initiation, Masons take a deadly oath, and swear allegiance to Masonry above God and Country. Under pain of death, they swear never to reveal the secrets of Freemasonry- not even to their wives.

Therefore, no matter what Masons claim about their good works or intentions, they cannot be believed. They are the Church's diabolical enemy.

4th Degree Memphis and Misraim

Agents of the Anti Christ

Root Causes of the Great Apostasy

St Paul in his second letter to the Thessalonians foretold events which must take place before the second coming of Our Lord Jesus Christ.

"Let no one deceived you in anyway, for the day of the Lord will not come unless the apostasy comes first, and the man of sin is revealed, the son of perdition, who opposes and is exalted above all that is called God, or  that is worshipped, so that he sits in the temple of God and gives himself out as if he were God." (2:3,4)

St. Paul's letter explicitly prophesizes that the great apostasy and the advent of the Antichrist must precede the second coming. It is possible for the faithful to recognize the era of the great apostasy or will they be deceived by the lying wonders of the son of perdition the marks of which deception."?

Our Lord Jesus Christ established His Church to be His teaching authority on earth and He chose St. Peter as the first Pope. It was Pope Pius XII on of st. Peter's successors who, at a pastoral conference on May 23, 1958, while warning the faithful of the great apostasy also identified the causes of the great apostasy: "the roots of modern apostasy lay in scientific atheism, dialectical materialism, rationalism, illuminism, laicism, and Freemasonry which is the mother of them all."

Papal Encyclicals/Vatican Documents in Condemnation of Masonry

Clement XII 1738  In Eminente

Automatic excommunication of catholic Masons

 

Benedict XIV 1751 Providas

Condemned Masonry for 5 reasons: secrecy, oaths, indifferentism, anti-Catholic, immoral

 

Clement XIII 1766 Christianae Republicae

Masonry duplicates Manichean and Gnostic heresies

 

Pius VI 1775 Inscrutabili Divinae Sapientiae

Masonry man is subject to no authority

 

Pius VII 1821 Ecclesiam a Jesu-Cristo

Masonry is a counter-church

 

Leo XII 1825 Quo Graviora

Masonry denies the divinty of Christ

 

Pius VIII 1829 Traditae Humilitari Nostrae

Masonry's God is Satan

Bishops must oppose all secret societies

 

Gregory XVI 1832 Miari Vos

Masonic philosophy has penetrated the Church

 

Pius IX 1873 Etsi Multa

American Masonry is as evil as European Masonry

 

Leo XIII 1884 Humanum Genus

Masonic mask of deception must be torn away

 

Pius X 1911 Iamdudum

condems Masonic separation of Church and state

 

Benedict XV 1917 Code of canon Law

reconfirms excommunication of Catholic Masons

 

Pius XII 1958 Pastoral letter

Masonry is "mother root" of modern apostacy

 

 

Prayer to St. Michael the Archangel

Saint Michael the Archangel, defend us in battle; Be our defense against the wickedness and snares of the devil. May God rebuke him, we humbly pray, and Thou, O Prince of the Heavenly Host, by the Power of God, cast into Hell, Satan and all the other evil spirits, who prowl throughout the world, seeking the ruin of souls. Amen.

 

Prayer for the Conversion of Masons

O Lord Jesus Christ. Who showest forth Thy omnipotence most manifestly when Thou sparest and hast compassion,

 

Thou Who didst say, “Pray for those who persecute and calumniate you, “ we implore the clemency of Thy Sacred Heart on behalf of souls, made in the image of God, but most miserably deceived by the treacherous snares of Freemasons, and going more and more astray in the way of perdition.

 

Let not the Church, Thy Spouse, any longer be oppressed by them; but, appeased by the intercession of the Blessed Virgin, Thy Mother, and the prayers of the just, be mindful of Thy infinite mercy, and disregarding their perversity, cause these very men to return to Thee, that they may bring consolation to the Church by a most abundant penance, make reparation for their misdeeds, and secure for themselves a glorious eternity;

 

Who livest and reignest world without end. Amen.

(100 days, once a day) ( the Raccolta, 8th Edition, p.140)

 

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Credit: Some of the above text in the Catholic Belief section has been provided courtesy of Fisheaters.com